Hej,

I would like to request any data from 2015 onwards concerning the number of requests for repatriation of cultural objects which were lodged to the Ethnographic Museum (or otherwise the total lodged to the World Culture Museums)
Any data which shows how the requests were categorised (Eg complete vs incomplete) or responded to and/or the eventual outcomes of the requests would also be much appreciated.

Also- if there are any documents relating to the investigations of these requests
For example - any reports containing the Repatriation Council’s recommendations on the decision in the case? Or any guiding documents that aren’t already available publically at your website…
Would they be able to be sent as well?

Thank you so much
Best Regards,
Ryan Cole

Registrator, Statens Museer För Världskultur

Hej Ryan,

We have received your request for information and will get back to you later today or tomorrow.

Best wishes,
Jenny Gasbarro Ringarp
Handläggare / Coordinator
Världskulturmuseerna
Post box 5303, 402 27 Göteborg
Tel 010-456 11 31, mobil 0705-09 11 31
www.varldskulturmuseerna.se
       

-----Ursprungligt meddelande-----
Från: Ryan Cole <[Registrators #1329 e-postadress]>
Skickat: den 9 maj 2022 09:30
Till: Registrator <[e-postadress]>
Ämne: Freedom of Information request - Repatriation

Hej,

I would like to request any data from 2015 onwards concerning the number of requests for repatriation of cultural objects which were lodged to the Ethnographic Museum (or otherwise the total lodged to the World Culture Museums)

Any data which shows how the requests were categorised (Eg complete vs incomplete) or responded to and/or the eventual outcomes of the requests would also be much appreciated.

Also- if there are any documents relating to the investigations of these requests

For example - any reports containing the Repatriation Council's recommendations on the decision in the case? Or any guiding documents that aren't already available publically at your website.

Would they be able to be sent as well?

Thank you so much

Best Regards,

Ryan Cole

-------------------------------------------------------------------

Please use this email address for all replies to this request:

[Registrators #1329 e-postadress]

Is [Statens Museer För Världskultur e-postadress för begäran om allmän handling] the wrong address for Freedom of Information requests to The State Museums for World Culture? If so, please contact us using this form:

https://eur02.safelinks.protection.outlo...

Disclaimer: This message and any reply that you make will be published on the internet. Our privacy and copyright policies:

https://eur02.safelinks.protection.outlo...

Please note that in some cases publication of requests and responses will be delayed.

If you find this service useful as an FOI officer, please ask your web manager to link to us from your organisation's FOI page.

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Registrator, Statens Museer För Världskultur

Hello,

Please find this list and descriptions of external claims for return during this period and let me know if you would like copies of the written reports and decisions for all of these claims. SMVK is short for Statens museer för världskultur - The National Museums of World Culture.

       
2016, USA
Museum: the Museum of Ethnography
Claimant: Indian Treaty Council (IITC)
Approval/rejection: rejection
Year of claim: 2016
Inventory number: 1937.19.0113
Case: In March 2016, a letter was received from a member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII), challenging the Authority's 2014 decision regarding the Maaso Kova Yaqui artifact and requesting a re-examination. The conclusion of the new review, as in the 2014 case, was that the acquisition of the object was legitimate and voluntary and that there was no basis for its return on legal principles. The Authority concluded that a more comprehensive investigation was required to examine the humanitarian principles criterion and opened a constructive dialogue with the Yaqui in both the United States and Mexico, where the largest group of Yaqui currently reside.

2017, USA
Museum: the Museum of World Culture
Claimant: Pawnee Nation
Approval/rejection: rejection
Year claim submitted: 2017
Inventarienummer: 0000.00.0283a-f
Acquisition History: In 2017, a claim was received from two representatives of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma for personal items belonging to the deceased Pawnee Indian White Fox. The claim included a battle shirt, legwear, a pair of moccasins, and a necklace. The possessions originated from the "Wild West" shows organized by Robert Cassman & Co. with which White Fox toured Europe in 1874-75. White Fox died at the Sahlgrenska Hospital, Gothenburg in January 1875 after which the body was dissected and skinned by Professor von Dueben of the Karolinska Institute and exhibited in the General Ethnographic Exhibition of 1878-79. In 1996, the remains were returned to Pawnee. The items included in the claim were donated to the Ethnographic Department of the Gothenburg Museum in March 1875 by businessman James J:son Dickson. The objects originate different tribes, time periods and geographical areas and the costume is believed to be composed to depict an authentic "Indian". None of the objects are considered Pawnee.
Case: In 2017, Eva Maria Olsson-Barton and Lewis Nisbet Ballantine, on behalf of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, USA, made a claim to SMVK. An investigation was initiated by the agency's Repatriation Council. Direct contact with the Pawnee was sought without success. The investigation found that the case lacked a legal basis for an international repatriation claim based on the 1970 UNESCO Convention, that the objects were legally acquired under Swedish law in 1875 and that the possessions were not deemed to be of ceremonial significance. Consequently, since the Pawnee Nation had knowledge of the objects' management for more than three years, the time period for a repatriation claim was time-barred under the UNIDROIT Convention. In accordance with ICOM's recommendations, the Agency opened the door to future collaboration on the objects. On the recommendation of the Repatriation Council, General Director Ann Follin rejected the claim in January 2018.

2018, Australia
Museum: the Museum of Ethnography
Claimant: Private individual
Year of claim: 2018
Inventory number: 1848.01.0060
Acquisition History: In 2018, the Ethnographic Museum received an unofficial claim from a private individual for a palm wood spear shaft from Oceania. The object originates from James Cook's first expedition in 1768-1771 and belonged to Joseph Banks, who gave the object to Johan Alströmer during his visit to London in 1777. The spear was then taken to Alströmer's private museum in Kristinedal and donated to the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1848 by Jonas and Oskar Alströmer. The object belongs to the Banks/Alströmer collection, which was donated by the Academy of Sciences to the Ethnographic Department of the National Museum of Denmark when it was founded in 1900.
Case: on 13 October 2016, the Museum of Ethnography received an email from a private individual claiming to be related to a Gweagal warrior who met James Cook in 1770 at the expedition's landing in Botany Bay, Australia. The private individual requested a visit to the EM collections, which was granted. Request received December 2018. Claimant incorrectly claims to represent the Eora Sovereign Nation. Referred to make an official claim under the SMVK return policy.

2018, USA
Museum: the Museum of World Culture
Claimant: Private individual
Approval/rejection: rejection
Year of claim: 2018
Inventory number: 0000.00.0283a-f, 1897.01.0001l1-2
Case: On 22 March 2018, SMVK received a repatriation claim from a private individual via Akerman's law firm. The claimant claimed kinship with White Fox. The claim included a combat shirt, legwear, two pairs of moccasins, earrings, a necklace and human remains. The claimant was informed that the SMVK had never managed earrings or human remains and that a previous claim from the Pawnee Nation had been denied in January 2018. Additional information was requested. The claimant took legal action and initiated a lawsuit by the SMVK and the Kingdom of Sweden in the District of Columbia, USA to recover personal items. The court in Washington dismissed the action with prejudice. The claimant was ordered to open a case in Sweden. No case has been filed to date.

2020, Hawaii, USA
Museum: the Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm and the Museum of World Culture, Gothenburg
Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA)
Year of claim: 2020
Inventory number: 1874.01.0334-7, 1900.32.0023, 1968.19.0001, 9000.03.0037, 1887.08.1727, 1887.08.1830, 1935.25.0001, 1900.32.0020-1, 1887.08.1828, 1887.08.1736, 1928.04.0034, 1961.04.0001-2, 1961.04.0006, 1961.04.0009
Case: On February 4, 202, the SMVK received a claim for the return of 19 sacred Hawaiian objects from the EM and the VKM. The claimant is the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA). In 2019, the OHA requested a list of all Hawaiian objects in the SMVK collections and advised that they intended to submit an official claim for return and requested an answer as to whether the bone material included human remains. It was communicated that Hawaiian remains had never been found at the institution. Following the submission of the claim in 2021, correspondence was held between the parties regarding the return and specific items. The case is on hold pending further information from OHA.

2020, Chile
Museum: the Museum of World Culture, Gothenburg and the Museum of Ethnography, Stockholm
Applicant: Museo Regional de Aysén with support from the Chilean government
Approval/rejection: planned loan, November 2022-2025
Year of submission: 2020
Inventory number: Objects from collection 1909.21 (VKM) and 1909.10 (EM)
Acquisition history: In 2020, the Chilean government requested the possible return of a collection of Kawéasgar objects from Chilean Patagonia. The objects were acquired by the botanist Carl Skottsbergs during his travels through Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego on the Swedish Maghalãe expedition of 1907-1909. The objects originate from the indigenous Kawésgar people and were donated by Skottsberg to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The collection is divided between the Museum of World Culture, Gothenburg and the Ethnographic Museum, Stockholm.
Case: in May 2020, a request was received from the Chilean government via the Museo Regional Aysén concerning Carl Skottberg's collection of Kawésgar objects, with a focus on the Dalka in the EM's collections. The claimant was open to various administrative solutions and, after correspondence with the SMVK, requested a long term loan. 23 objects from the VKM and EM, including the falcon, are to be loaned over a three-year period (2022-2025). Discussions on logistics and security issues are ongoing.

2020, Ájtte Swedish Mountain and Sami Museum Foundation
Museum: the Museum of Ethnography
Applicant: Ájtte Swedish Mountain and Sami Museum Foundation
Approval/refusal: Approval
Year of submission: 2020
Acquisition history: In 2020, a request was received concerning objects deposited at Ájtte Svenskt Fjäll-och Samemuseum in Jokkmokk. The approximately 475 objects from the Ethnographic Museum's collection were deposited in 1988 after Ájtte was founded in 1983. In 2002, a sejte from Eric von Rosen's travels in Lapland in 1900 was deposited. Objects included in the deposit but not yet transferred to Ájtte are kept in the EM collections. The objects were acquired during the period 1834-1956 and consist mainly of everyday objects and objects related to Sami religious practice.
Case: on 9 March 2020, a request was received for the transfer of ownership of Sami material from the Museum of Ethnography to Ájtte Swedish Mountain and Sami Museum. Investigation was initiated .The institutions started working together to ensure beyond reasonable doubt that the ownership of the objects lay with SMVK. The request was approved in accordance with the Museum Act (2017:563). On 12 April 2021, a letter of intent for the transfer of ownership was sent to Ájtte.

2021, Etruscan
Museum: the Mediterranean Museum
Claimant: Private individual
Approval/refusal: Refusal
Year of claim: 2021
Case: On 20 May 2021, the SMVK received a request for the return of a number of Etruscan objects. The claimant is a private individual who claims to be of Etruscan origin according to DNA. It concerns 556 objects from 30 different collections, not all of which belong to SMVK. Refers to ancestry. The General Director rejected the claim on 30 Aug 2021, in accordance with the recommendation presented by the investigating curator.

2021, Mexico
Museum: the Museum of Ethnography
Claimant: Government of Mexico
Approval/refusal: Approval.
Year of submission: 2021
Inventory number: 1935.47.0001-0017, 1937.19.0113-0118, 1941.26.0001
Acquisition History: In 2021, an official written claim was received from the Government of Mexico via the Mexican Embassy for 24 items from the Ethnographic Museum's collections, including the ceremonial deer head Maaso Kova, the focus of previous repatriation claims in 2014 and 2016. All objects, excluding a shawl, belong to Yaquis religious dance ceremonies. The majority were acquired in Tlaxcala in 1934 by Gösta Mantell and Sigvald Linné. Additional items were collected by sisters Helga Larsen and Bodil Christensen in 1935 from a regiment in Mérida, Yucatan.
Case: two previous claims concerning Masso Kova, in 2014 and 2016, were rejected by the Authority as its acquisition was deemed legal. In the same year, the Agency, together with researchers from the University of Sonora, Mexico, began an extensive investigation to expand knowledge of the situation in Mexico at the time of the acquisition. In 2018, the Authority contacted the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP) requested by the IITC to assist in a constructive dialogue between the SMVK and the Yaqui in the US and Mexico. On 19 February 2021, an official written demand was received from the Government of Mexico via the Mexican Embassy regarding 24 items. The claim was based on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the 1970 UNESCO Convention and the 1966 UN Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The assessment was made in consultation with EMRIP, which in a report recommended a return in accordance with Article 12 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. On 26 May 2021, General Director Ann Follin sent a request to the Swedish government to return the objects to the Yaqui in Mexico in accordance with the Budget Act. A government decision to grant the request and allow SMVK to return the objects to the Yaqui in Mexico was made on 5 May 2022.

2021, Turkey
Museum: the Mediterranean Museum
Claimant: Embassy of Turkey
Approval/refusal: Refusal
Year of claim: 2021
Inventory number: 15576:0001-4
Acquisition History: The Embassy of Turkey submitted a claim in 2021 for the return of a bronze flat axe and three bronze hafted axes dating to the Late Bronze Age (1200-900 B.C.E.). The axes probably belonged to the Hittites and were part of the widespread Mediterranean culture with its material koine. The objects were purchased in 1910 by the Royal Academy of Literature from the antique dealer Kirkor Minassian in Paris, France. They were then donated to the National Historical Museum, which transferred them to the Mediterranean Museum in the 1950s.
Case: an official claim was received on 31 March 2021 from the Turkish Embassy as representatives of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism after first contacting the SHM in the belief that the objects were held in the institution's collections. The claimant claimed that the objects originated from a cave near Ordu in Trebizonde, Turkey and that, under the Ottoman legislation of 1884 and 1906 then in force, they were state property and had been illegally exported and sold. The SMVK's investigation revealed that the provenance of the objects is uncertain and that it cannot be established that the objects originate from Turkey. The principle of beyond reasonable doubt was applied. The decision document prepared by the curator in charge, Maria Dahlström, was submitted to the superintendent, Ann Follin, who took the decision to reject the claim on 10 January 2022.

Best wishes,
Jenny G. Ringarp
Coordinator of the Repatriation Council
Världskulturmuseerna
Post box 5303, 402 27 Göteborg
Tel 010-456 11 31, mobil 0705-09 11 31
www.varldskulturmuseerna.se

-----Ursprungligt meddelande-----
Från: Ryan Cole <[Registrators #1329 e-postadress]>
Skickat: den 9 maj 2022 09:30
Till: Registrator <[e-postadress]>
Ämne: Freedom of Information request - Repatriation

Hej,

I would like to request any data from 2015 onwards concerning the number of requests for repatriation of cultural objects which were lodged to the Ethnographic Museum (or otherwise the total lodged to the World Culture Museums)

Any data which shows how the requests were categorised (Eg complete vs incomplete) or responded to and/or the eventual outcomes of the requests would also be much appreciated.

Also- if there are any documents relating to the investigations of these requests

For example - any reports containing the Repatriation Council's recommendations on the decision in the case? Or any guiding documents that aren't already available publically at your website.

Would they be able to be sent as well?

Thank you so much

Best Regards,

Ryan Cole

-------------------------------------------------------------------

Please use this email address for all replies to this request:

[Registrators #1329 e-postadress]

Is [Statens Museer För Världskultur e-postadress för begäran om allmän handling] the wrong address for Freedom of Information requests to The State Museums for World Culture? If so, please contact us using this form:

https://eur02.safelinks.protection.outlo...

Disclaimer: This message and any reply that you make will be published on the internet. Our privacy and copyright policies:

https://eur02.safelinks.protection.outlo...

Please note that in some cases publication of requests and responses will be delayed.

If you find this service useful as an FOI officer, please ask your web manager to link to us from your organisation's FOI page.

-------------------------------------------------------------------