Detta är en HTML-version av en bilaga till begäran om allmän handling 'Digital Services Act / Digital Markets Act'.

From:                                 Eva Ljungbert
Sent:                                  Fri, 5 Nov 2021 15:56:45 +0100
To:                                      N Registrator
Subject:                             VB: Joint letter: Support is Growing to end Google's Preset Search Defaults in 
DMA
Attachments:                   211028_Proposed compromise on search defaults_DuckDuckGo.docx
Categories:                       SW
 
Från: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx> 
Skickat: den 28 oktober 2021 13:18
Till: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Kopia: Håkan Hillefors <xxxxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Ämne: RE: Joint letter: Support is Growing to end Google's Preset Search Defaults in DMA 
 
Dear Eva, 
 
I totally understand. Following the vote in the ECON committee of the European Parliament this week, 
we have prepared the attached proposed compromise which I hope you will find useful ahead of the 
trialogue negotiations. Please note the following: 
 ECON – and this will probably end up in the European Parliament’s position – proposes to ban 
core platform services defaults / pre-installation and replace them with preference menus.  
 While we’re not opposed to that, we know it’s a broad scope which will trigger resistance.  
 We therefore propose, as compromise, to focus this only on search engines. This would be an 
incremental change, building on the existing Android choice screen, and similar to proposals 
made abroad (see Australia’s ACCC report on choice screens, published yesterday).  
 
Additionally, ECON states that consumers should be asked whether they want a newly installed app to 
become the default.  
 We think it’s a good amendment that would increase choice without being too intrusive. 
 We support ECON’s intention to take into account the fact that a service like a search engine is 
accessible through a variety of access points (not just the one app) like the browser, the home 
screen search bar, the voice assistant, etc.  
 
Feel free to reach out if you have any questions.  
 
Best regards, 
 
Aurélien Mähl 
DuckDuckGo 
 
From: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx> 
Sent: Tuesday, October 19, 2021 4:19 PM
To: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx>
Cc: Håkan Hillefors <xxxxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Subject: Sv: Joint letter: Support is Growing to end Google's Preset Search Defaults in DMA 


 
Dear Aurélien,  
 
Thank you for the information regarding your joint letter, which we have taken part of and forwarded to 
relevant persons inside the Government Offices.  
 
With reference to the situation in the negotiations of DMA, the workload connected to that and several 
queries from stakeholders, it is difficult for us to hold meetings at the moment. We are always open for 
written comments though.  
 
Best regards,  
 
 
Eva Ljungbert 
 
 
Eva Ljungbert
Deputy Director
Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation
Division for Market and Competition
103 33 Stockholm
Tel. + 46 8 405 46 26
Mobil + 46 70 486 50 46
xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxx.xx
www.government.se 
 
 
 
Från: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx> 
Skickat: den 14 oktober 2021 12:57
Till: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Kopia: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>; Hedvig Landahl 
<xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>; Håkan Hillefors <xxxxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Ämne: Joint letter: Support is Growing to end Google's Preset Search Defaults in DMA 
 
Dear all,
 
Last week, we published an open letter calling on EU lawmakers to take action in the Digital 
Markets Act against Google's abusive defaults. The letter was co-signed by DuckDuckGo, 
Ecosia, Qwant and Lilo. Consumer rights org BEUC came in support of the initiative, as well as 
MEP Yon-Courtin (ECON rapporteur, Renew Europe). 
 
Politico (below) and Techcrunch, among others, reported on the story.
 
Building on the existing choice screen on Android, "the DMA should enshrine in law a 
requirement for a search engine preference menu that would effectively ban Google from 

acquiring [preset] default search access points of the operating systems and the browsers of 
gatekeepers," the letter reads. 
 
I would be glad to discuss with you how we could translate these proposals into concrete 
amendments in the context of the ongoing DMA negotiations. In particular, we would like to 
suggest appropriate wording together with BEUC. 
 
Please let me know if you're available for a call in the coming weeks. 
 
Best regards,
Aurélien
 

 
Search engines see opportunity to lure users away from Google
By Pieter Haeck · October 7, 2021 7:00 AM · View in your browser
 
Search engines are hoping the EU’s upcoming digital competition rules can help them chip away 
at Google’s domination.
 
Both the European Parliament and the Council of the EU are reworking the EU’s proposal meant 
to ensure competition in digital markets. According t
MEPs and Slovenia, which holds the 
Council’s rotating presidency, a top item on the agenda is to ensure consumers have the power to 
change their preferences, like for search engines, on mobile operating systems like Android, 
which is run by Google, and Apple’s iOS.
 
Four search engines — DuckDuckGo, Ecosia, Qwant, and Lilo — sent a letter, seen by 
POLITICO, to the European Commission on Thursday, urging it to prevent the biggest 
companies, known as gatekeepers, “from suppressing search engine competition.” The letter was 
backed by consumer rights group BEUC.
The bill, known as the Digital Markets Act, or DMA, “should enshrine in law a requirement for a 
search engine preference menu that would effectively ban Google from acquiring default search 
access points of the operating systems and the browsers of gatekeepers,” the letter said. Further, 
it should allow users to change their search engines easily, and at any time “via prompts from 
competing search engine apps or websites.”
 
The search engines’ demands follow from a 2018 case that resulted in Google setting up a search 
engine preference page when a user sets up a new Android device. Not only do the companies 
want to require that by law, but they also want to expand on that requirement.
Lawmakers in Parliament and Council are open to the demands, and are already working on 
adding them to the bill.
 
Andreas Schwab and Stéphanie Yon-Courtin — MEPs who will shape the Parliament’s position 
— have amended the bill to require that gatekeepers “allow and technically enable” users to 
change default settings on an operating system that directs or steers end users to services or 

products offered by the gatekeeper, according to documents seen by POLITICO, like an Android 
device that prompts users to use Google search.
 
But they also want consumers to be able to switch at any other time too. “If a consumer wants to 
use a different search engine like ours that protects their privacy, Google suppresses competition 
by making it unnecessarily difficult to switch,” Gabriel Weinberg, CEO of DuckDuckGo said. 
“It takes for example over 15 clicks on Android.”
 
Google declined to comment for this article.
 
Lawmakers are also considering requiring operating systems to allow users to download apps 
from competing app stores on their phones, a practice called “sideloading,” and making those 
apps the default. But Apple is lobbying hard against it, arguing that it would degrade privacy and 
security.
 
It’s unclear how many of these proposals will make it to the final bill, with months of 
negotiations ahead, and Google still fighting a €4.3 billion fine over Android‘s alleged abuse of 
its dominant position.
 
But the search engines believe something has to give. “If the DMA fails to address this 
fundamental issue, we believe the status quo will continue, leaving the root cause of this problem 
unchanged.”
 
 
Aurélien Mähl
DuckDuckGo
 
From: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx> 
Sent: Thursday, July 8, 2021 12:08 PM
To: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx>
Cc: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>; Hedvig Landahl <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxx.xx>; 
Håkan Hillefors <xxxxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Subject: Sv: DMA meeting request: amendments to impact Google search domination
 
That sounds very good. Please send us a zoom-link and include Marcus and Hedvig, that are copied in 
this e-mail, as well. 
 
Best regards, 
 
 
Eva Ljungbert
 
Eva Ljungbert
Kansliråd
Näringsdepartementet
Enheten för marknad och konkurrens
103 33 Stockholm
Tel. 08-405 46 26
Mobil 070-486 50 46


xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx
www.regeringen.se
 
Från: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx> 
Skickat: den 8 juli 2021 12:00
Till: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Kopia: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>; Hedvig Landahl 
<xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxx.xx>; Håkan Hillefors <xxxxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Ämne: RE: DMA meeting request: amendments to impact Google search domination
 
Dear Ms Ljungbert,
 
Thank you, Wednesday 18 August works well. Would you like me to send a Zoom link?
 
Best regards,
 
Aurélien Mähl
DuckDuckGo
 
From: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx> 
Sent: Thursday, 8 July 2021 10:33
To: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx>
Cc: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>; Hedvig Landahl <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxx.xx>; 
Håkan Hillefors <xxxxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Subject: Sv: DMA meeting request: amendments to impact Google search domination
 
Dear Mrs. Maehl, 
 
Thank you for your comments on DMA and your meeting request. We could certainly set up a meeting in 
the middle of August. Marcus from the Ministry of Infrastructure is also interested to join and I will also 
invite a colleague from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hedvig Landahl. If you like, we can preliminary 
book Wednesday the 18th at 14.00 if that would suit you. 
 
Best regards, 
 
 
Eva Ljungbert
 
 
Eva Ljungbert
Kansliråd
Näringsdepartementet
Enheten för marknad och konkurrens
103 33 Stockholm
Tel. 08-405 46 26
Mobil 070-486 50 46
xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx


www.regeringen.se
 
Från: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx> 
Skickat: den 6 juli 2021 18:43
Till: Eva Ljungbert <xxx.xxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Kopia: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Ämne: FW: DMA meeting request: amendments to impact Google search domination
 
Dear Ms Ljungbert,
 
Please find below a meeting request & our views on the DMA, which Marcus Boklund in cc has 
suggested that I forward to you. 
 
I am happy to set up a meeting on August 17, 18 or 19 in the afternoon – or the week after. 
 
Kind regards,
 
Aurélien Mähl
DuckDuckGo
 
From: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx
Sent: Tuesday, 6 July 2021 17:23
To: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx>
Cc: Lena Carlsson <xxxx.xxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Subject: Sv: DMA meeting request: amendments to impact Google search domination
 
Dear Aurelien,
 
Thanks for sharing your position on the DMA. We would welcome a meeting. The earliest we could set 
this up would be from mid-August onwards, Ms Eva Ljungbert, who is in charge of the file at the Ministry 
of Enterprise, informs me. You can contact her directly.
 
Best regards,
Marcus 
 
 
 
Från: Aurelien Maehl <xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxx.xxx> 
Skickat: den 6 juli 2021 15:55
Till: Marcus Boklund <xxxxxx.xxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>; Pia Högset 
<xxx.xxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.xx>
Ämne: DMA meeting request: amendments to impact Google search domination
 
Dear Mr Boklund, Dear Ms Hogset,
 

I represent the Internet privacy company and search engine DuckDuckGo. We have a first-hand 
experience of the exclusionary practices put in place by Google and have been writing extensively about 
search competition, in particular following the 2018 Android decision, here: 
https://spreadprivacy.com/tag/preference/
 
Last month, Google announced a half-measure to improve the EU Android search default. Google's 
effort still falls far short - see our reaction here and more details on Techcrunch — and doesn't even 
reach other critical Google defaults such as on the Chrome desktop browser or Apple devices. In 
DuckDuckGo's position on the Digital Markets Act (here the annex with our amendments compared to 
the Commission's proposal), we propose a way forward to end Google’s unfair practices in the search 
engine market: 
 Prohibit gatekeepers from securing and establishing defaults for their search engine across the 
search access points of a gatekeeping operating system. 
 Facilitate the switching of default settings. For instance, users should be able to change all of 
their device's search defaults at once when downloading a new search app. 
 
Below are our two most important amendments. Are you available in the next couple of weeks 
for a virtual meeting on the DMA?
 
Best regards,
Aurélien Mähl
 

 
Link to DuckDuckGo's position on the DMA & Link to Annex with our amendments compared to 
the Commission's proposal
 
1. Add a new article 6.1(bb) in order to prevent search gatekeepers from securing or establishing 
default positions across the search access points of an operating system: 
(bb) refrain from securing or establishing default positions for the online search engines 
of the gatekeeper across the search access points of the operating systems owned by 
any gatekeeper. 
 
2. In a new recital after (46), indicate that the regulator should substitute these default positions 
with a preference menu that lets users choose their search default on their device: 
(46a) Securing or establishing defaults positions across the search access points of an 
operating system, such as the pre-installed browser or another, dominant browser, the 
home screen bar widget, or the voice assistant, can entrench the dominant position of an 
established online search engine and prevent contestability on the online search engine 
market. Even where users can change the default manually, they rarely do so, due to 
behavioral bias for inertia. In order to ensure contestability, end users should be able to 
select their preferred online search engine default through a preference menu when they 
set up their device. The preference menu should comprise the most popular online search 
engines on a given market, on the basis of objective criteria such as market share, and 
should be designed in a fair and non-discriminatory manner to ensure that end users are 
not nudged to select a particular provider. The preference menu should be effective, that 
is the end user’s choice of a search engine default should immediately apply across the 

search access points of the operating system. End users must subsequently be able to 
access such preference menu after the device is set up, including through a prompt on 
another online search engine's website or software application. 
 
 
Aurélien Mähl
Senior Public Policy Manager, Europe
DuckDuckGo
Brussels, Belgium
+32 495 635 546 (Signal available)